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Rabu, 27 September 2017

Lucifer' heatwaves to be new normal due to global warming


Scorching ‘Lucifer’ heatwaves above 40°C (104°F) will become normal by the 2050s in southern Europe, scientists claim.


Climate change means that deadly heatwaves could be 10 times more likely to hit the continent, according to a new study from the World Weather Attribution (WWA).


Hotter-than-usual temperatures in the Mediterranean region this summer saw a spike in hospital admissions, numerous forest fires and widespread economic losses between June and August.


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Scorching ‘Lucifer’ heatwaves above 40°C (104°F) will become normal by the 2050s in southern Europe, scientists claim. Southern Europe sweltered in heats reaching up to 110F (43C) in August (pictured)




EUROPEAN HEATWAVES



During Lucifer this summer, emergency admissions to hospital in Italy increased by 15 per cent, WWA said.


Europe’s death toll from weather disasters, including heatwaves, wildfires and drought, could increase 50-fold by the end of the century, The Lancet Planetary Health journal said in August.


World temperatures hit a record high for the third year in a row in 2016, scientists said in January.


The intensity of heatwaves in Europe has also increased by 1-2°C since 1950, WWA said.


More than 35,000 people died during a European heatwave in 2003, and tens of thousands perished in Russia during extreme heat in 2010.




Peak heat struck Italy and the Balkans for three days in early August, when temperatures remained above 30°C (86°F) even at night, killing five people.


Greenhouse gas emissions linked to human activity have increased the chances of such heatwaves four-to-tenfold compared to the early 1900s, the WWA study found.


Such weather will become typical in southern Europe by mid-century if greenhouse gases continue to increase in the atmosphere, according to the team’s simulations.


Dr Geert Jan van Oldenborgh, senior researcher at the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, said: ‘We found clear evidence of human influence on this summer’s record warmth – both in the overall summer temperatures and in the heat wave dubbed Lucifer.


‘In many towns and cities across Southern Europe, there is now a one in 10 chance of seeing a heat wave as hot as we saw during this past summer every summer.


‘In the early 1900s, a summer like the one we just experienced would have been extremely rare.’ 


The team’s use of actual temperature measurements and computer simulations is widely accepted among scientists as a means of determining whether climate change plays a role in extreme events.


World temperatures hit a record high for the third year in a row in 2016, scientists said in January.



Climate change mans that dangerous heatwaves could be 10 times more likely to hit the continent, according to analysts at World Weather Attribution (WWA). Pictured is a wildfire on the Greek island of Kythira in August – a result of this year’s Lucifer heatwave





Hotter-than-usual temperatures in the Mediterranean region this summer saw a spike in hospital admissions, numerous forest fires and widespread economic losses between June and August. Pictured are tourists refresh themselves at a fountain in Rome during Lucifer



The intensity of heatwaves in Europe has also increased by 1-2°C since 1950, WWA said.


More than 35,000 people died during a European heatwave in 2003, and tens of thousands perished in Russia during extreme heat in 2010.


The threat is particularly severe in already sweltering places, from South Asia to the Gulf.


Dr Robert Vautard, a researcher at the Laboratory of Climate and Environmental Sciences, said: ‘It is critical that cities work with scientists and public health experts to develop heat action plans.



Such weather will become typical in southern Europe by mid-century if greenhouse gases continue to increase in the atmosphere, according to the team’s simulations. Pictured are floods in Poland caused by August’s Lucifer heatwave



‘Climate change is impacting communities right now and these plans save lives.’


During Lucifer, emergency admissions to hospital in Italy increased by 15 per cent, WWA said.


Europe’s death toll from weather disasters, including heatwaves, wildfires and drought, could increase 50-fold by the end of the century, The Lancet Planetary Health journal said in August.


Governments in 2015 agreed to limit warming to ‘well below’ 2°C above pre-industrial times, while pursuing efforts for a 1.5°C limit.


Lucifer' heatwaves to be new normal due to global warming Rating: 4.5 Diposkan Oleh: Fatih

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