Which South American country became the first to declare the right of indigenous people to govern themselves?
Bolivian president Evo Morales, the first indigenous leader of the country, enacted a decree that set out the conditions under which native Indian communities could hold votes on declaring autonomy. The referendums were to begin in December 2009, and would run alongside parliamentary and presidential elections. Bolivia’s traditional elite class bitterly opposed the decree. The country is home to 36 officially recognized cultures and languages. Constitutional reforms in 1997 recognized Bolivia’s multilingual, pluri-ethnic society. Source: WorldHistoryProject.org
Juan Evo Morales Ayma (born October 26, 1959), popularly known as Evo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈeβo]), is a Bolivian politician and cocalero activist who has been serving as President of Bolivia since 2006. Widely regarded as the country’s first president to come from the indigenous population,[a] his administration has focused on the implementation of leftist policies, poverty reduction, and combating the influence of the United States and multinational corporations in Bolivia. A socialist, he is the head of the Movement for Socialism (MAS) party.